Born in Virginia on Apr. 5, 1856, Booker T. Washington put himself through school and became a teacher. In 1881, he founded the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute in Alabama (now known as Tuskegee University), which grew immensely and focused on training African Americans in agricultural pursuits. A political adviser and writer, Washington clashed with intellectual W.E.B. Du Bois over the best avenues for racial uplift.
Taken from: http://northdallasgazette.com/2013/04/05/celebrity-birthday-for-april-5-booker-t-washington/